Growing up with LGBTQ+ parents

The directors of What We Know, a public policy research portal based at Cornell University, have compiled 79 separate scholarly studies that examine the well-being of children raised by gay or lesbian parents.

Based on their review of these studies, the directors of What We Know conclude that the "overwhelming scholarly consensus, based on over 3 decades of peer-reviewed research" is that "having a gay or lesbian parent does not harm children" (What We Know Project, 2015).

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Learn more about the research behind this assessment. You can access the 79 scholarly studies here, along with a summary of their methods and results.

What does the scholarly research say about the well-being of children with gay or lesbian parents?


What We Know Project, Cornell University, “What Does the Scholarly Research Say about the Well-Being of Children with Gay or Lesbian Parents?” (online literature review), 2015.

Gender Identity Gender identity icon Our core sense of who we are as a man, a woman, a mixture of both, or neither.

Gender Expression Gender expression icon How we show up in the world through choices like clothing, hair style, mannerisms or tone of voice.

Attraction attraction icon How we feel toward others sexually, romantically and/or emotionally.

Biological Sex Biological sex icon Physical attributes such as reproductive organs and genitalia, chromosomes, genes and hormone levels.

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