Non-traditional Gender Teenager Estimates

Significant numbers of Minnesota youth identify as transgender or gender non-conforming
Source: Minnesota Student Survey, 2016

Nontraditional gender labels are becoming more common among American teenagers. According to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics, 2.7% of Minnesota teens prefer terms such as gender-fluid, gender queer, or transgender, rather than more traditional identities such as boy or girl. The numbers surprised researchers, who caution that more studies will be necessary to establish a clear picture of the prevalence of non-traditional gender identities among both adolescents and adults. Research on adults has typically focused solely on transgender identities, with studies suggesting that approximately .6% of the U.S. adult population identifies as transgender. Prior estimates of transgender youth identities (.7 %) were based on studies of adults.

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Read this article published by CNN to learn more about recent findings on teenagers’ gender identities.

More US teens are rejecting 'boy' or 'girl' gender identities, a study finds


Herman, J., Flores, A., Brown, T., Wilson, B., Conron, K. (2017, January). Age of individuals who identify as transgender in the United States. Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law.

Leguizamon, M., & Griggs, B. (2018, February 6). More US teens are rejecting 'boy' or 'girl' gender identities, a study finds. CNN.

Rider, G.N., McMorris, B., Glower, A., Coleman, E., & Eisenberg, M. (2018). Health and care utilization of transgender and gender nonconforming youth: A population-based study. Pediatrics, 141(3).

Gender Identity Gender identity icon Our core sense of who we are as a man, a woman, a mixture of both, or neither.

Gender Expression Gender expression icon How we show up in the world through choices like clothing, hair style, mannerisms or tone of voice.

Attraction attraction icon How we feel toward others sexually, romantically and/or emotionally.

Biological Sex Biological sex icon Physical attributes such as reproductive organs and genitalia, chromosomes, genes and hormone levels.

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